The official of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), Hanan Ashrawi, criticized the agreement and wrote on Twitter: “Israel has been rewarded for not explaining openly what it has done illegally and persistently to Palestine since the beginning of the occupation.”  Fatah accused the United Arab Emirates of “despising their national, religious and humanitarian duties” towards the Palestinian people, while Hamas declared it a “traitor sting in the back of the Palestinian people”, saying that the agreement was a “free reward” for the “crimes and violations of the Palestinian people”.  Ordinary Palestinians have turned to social media to protest the agreement, and some have also insulted the Vae. Meanwhile, Abbas Zaki, a member of Fatah`s Central Committee, called the agreement a breakdown of the Arab consensus on the management of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. He accused the United Arab Emirates of betraying Arabs and Palestinians before asking the ANP to withdraw its ambassador from the United Arab Emirates and also called on the Arab League to cancel the 2002 Arab peace initiative.  Other leaders and groups, including the Islamic Jihad Movement in Palestine, unanimously rejected the agreement, according to Al Jazeera. Mustafa Barghouti, head of the Palestinian National Initiative, said they were not surprised by the recent actions taken by the United Arab Emirates and the fact that the Emiratis had never attempted to fight Israel. He added that this could encourage other nations to ignore the Palestinian issue. The head of the Palestine Liberation Front, Wasel Abu Yousef, said the agreement would only give Israel greater influence over its occupation. ANP Social Affairs Minister Ahmed Majdalani said they did not know the agreement in advance and that the UAE was bartering the others, while unilaterally changing the Arab world`s approach to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.  The standardization agreement between Israel and the United Arab Emirates, officially the Abraham Agreement: Peace Treaty, Diplomatic Relations and Complete Normalization between the United Arab Emirates and the State of Israel, was initially agreed in a joint declaration by the United States, Israel and the United Arab Emirates (United Arab Emirates) on August 13, 2020, officially known as the Abraham Agreement.  The United Arab Emirates was the third Arab country after Egypt in 1979 and Jordan in 1994 to agree to formally normalize relations with Israel, as well as the first Country in the Persian Gulf to do so.   At the same time, Israel has agreed to suspend plans to annex parts of the West Bank.   The agreement has normalized informal but robust external relations between the two countries for a long time.
  The agreement was signed at the White House on September 15, 2020.  It was unanimously approved by the Israeli cabinet on 12 October and ratified by the Knesset on 15 October.  The United Arab Emirates Parliament and Cabinet ratified the agreement on 19 October. In addition, the parties express their common interest in establishing and developing mutually beneficial cooperation in the area of exploration and use of space for peaceful purposes, in a manner consistent with national legislation and the international obligations of each party. This cooperation may include the implementation of joint programs, projects and activities in the fields of science, space research, space technologies and education, the exchange of experts, information and best practices, and the promotion of cooperation between their respective space industries. Malaysia stated that the agreement was a sovereign right of the United Arab Emirates, but that it would continue to support Israel`s withdrawal from the Palestinian territories.  The Philippine Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement in which it welcomed the agreement and hoped it would contribute to peace and security in the Middle East.  In Somaliland, Bashe Omar Awil, sent to Kenya, welcomed the normalization between the two countries.
This is a key example of the importance of bilateral cooperation for regional stability.   4.